This Sigil of Decarabia necklace is an handmade pewter sculpture with a gem of your choice (my favorite is the red abalone, if you are looking for a very nice bloody red) This seal of Decarabia is one of the 72 Sigils of Goetia from Ars Goetia's Demonology. This Sigil of Goetia pendant is sold with a free 18' stainless steel chain, if you would like to have a different length for the chain, you can write the. In the 2018 videogame Assassin’s Creed Odyssey, Abraxas is the name of the legendary fiery horse the player acquires if they reach the Tier 1 level in the hierarchy of mercenaries. Rowling’s Harry Potter series, Abraxas is the name of Lucius Malfoy’s father, as well as the name of a race of winged horses in the same fictional world. The word Abrasax (Gk. ΑΒΡΑΣΑΞ, which is far more common in the sources than the variant form Abraxas, ΑΒΡΑΞΑΣ) was a word of mystic meaning in the system of the Gnostic Basilides, being there applied to the “Great Archon” (Gk., megas archōn), the princeps of the 365 spheres (Gk., ouranoi).1 In Gnostic cosmology, the 7 letters spelling its name represent each of the 7 classic. The term abraxas composed of seven letters referenced in the Gnostic system to the seven planets (and by extension to the seven archangels, the seven deadly sins, the seven days, etc.) broken down according to the Greek numbering system (A = 1, B = 2 R = 100, X = 60, S = 200), and then added together, the seven letters of the word gives the. Abraxas speaketh that hallowed and accursed word which is life and death at the same time. Abraxas begetteth truth and lying, good and evil, light and darkness in the same word and in the same act. Therefore is Abraxas terrible. 3 Jung, Carl Gustav. “Sermo II.” The Seven Sermons to the Dead (Septem Sermones ad Mortuos).
According to Gustav Davidson (1994), Abraxas is considered the Supreme Unknown in gnostic theogony and the source of 365 emanations in Persian mythology. His name is found on gems and amulets, and is associated with the word “abracadabra.”
Tertullian’s Description of Abraxas
According to the Appendix of Tertullian’s De praescriptione haereticorum (On the prescription of heretics), the second-century heretic Basilides claimed that Abraxas is the supreme Deity who created Mind (Greek: Nous), Word, Providence, Virtue and Wisdom. Out of these, Abraxas is said to have created the Principalities, Powers and Angels, and the 365 heavens. One of these angels, who created this world, became known as the God of the Jews; however, Basilides considers him to be an angel, not a God. It was Abraxas, not this Jewish God, who sent Christ in ghost form, not as a flesh and blood human. Basilides also claims that it was Simon, not Christ, who was crucified.
Afterwards broke out the heretic Basilides. He affirms that there is a supreme Deity, by name Abraxas, by whom was created Mind, which in Greek he calls Nous; that thence sprang the Word; that of Him issued Providence, Virtue, and Wisdom; that out of these subsequently were made Principalities, powers, and Angels; that there ensued infinite issues and processions of angels; that by these angels 365 heavens were formed, and the world, in honour of Abraxas, whose name, if computed, has in itself this number.
Now, among the last of the angels, those who made this world, he places the God of the Jews latest, that is, the God of the Law and of the Prophets, whom he denies to be a God, but affirms to be an angel. To him, he says, was allotted the seed of Abraham, and accordingly he it was who transferred the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt into the land of Canaan; affirming him to be turbulent above the other angels, and accordingly given to the frequent arousing of seditions and wars, yes, and the shedding of human blood.
Christ, moreover, he affirms to have been sent, not by this maker of the world, but by the above-named Abraxas; and to have come in a phantasm, and been destitute of the substance of flesh: that it was not He who suffered among the Jews, but that Simon was crucified in His stead: whence, again, there must be no believing on him who was crucified, lest one confess to having believed on Simon. Martyrdoms, he says, are not to be endured. The resurrection of the flesh he strenuously impugns, affirming that salvation has not been promised to bodies.
Abraxas & Jung
Carl Jung described a three-stage development in the human perception of God. The first stage was that God appears undifferentiated. The second stage is the perception of a benevolent Lord and an evil Devil in which each are separated to the point where the Devil is finally banished. The final stage is the integration of the Lord and the Devil. In his The Seven Sermons to the Dead he says:
Abraxas speaketh that hallowed and accursed word which is life and death at the same time. Abraxas begetteth truth and lying, good and evil, light and darkness in the same word and in the same act. Therefore is Abraxas terrible.
Abraxas in the Dictionnaire Infernal
According to Collin de Plancy (1863), Abracax or Abraxas is one of the gods of an Asian theogony, and whose name is read in the Abracadabra phylactery. Abraxas is illustrated on amulets with a cock’s head, dragon feet, and a whip in his hand. Later demonologists described him with the head of a King and serpents for feet.
He was seen by the Basilidians (a group of second-century heretics) as the supreme god because the Greek letters that formed his name added up to 365, the number of days in a year. They placed under him several angels who presided over the 365 heavens, and to whom they attributed 365 virtues, one for each day of the year. They also claimed that Abraxas sent Jesus Christ to earth in the form of a benevolent ghost.
Collin de Plancy also described the word “abracadabra” as a Persian and Syrian word of enchantment that could cure fever and other diseases. The word was written in a triangular arrangement and was worn around the neck.
|↑1||Davidson, Gustav. “Abraxas.” A Dictionary of Angels: Including the Fallen Angels. N.p.: Simon & Schuster, 1994. 8. Print.|
|↑2||Tertullian. “Chap I – Earliest Heretics: Simon Magus, Menander, Saturninus, Basilides, Nicolaus.” Against All Heresies. New Advent. Web. Jul. 24, 2017.|
|↑3||Jung, Carl Gustav. “Sermo II.” The Seven Sermons to the Dead (Septem Sermones ad Mortuos). Translated by H. G. Bayne. 1916. The Gnostic Society Library. Web. Jul. 24, 2017.|
|↑4||Collin De Plancy, Jacques Auguste Simon. “Abraxas.” Dictionaire Infernal. Paris: Henri Plon, Imprimeur-Editeur, 1863. 4-5. Internet Archive. Web Jul. 22, 2017|
The Grand Masters of the Knights Templar during the later 12th and the 13th century used a double-sided seal which showed a representation of The Dome of the Rock (or a circular dome of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre) on one side, and the Order's symbol of two knights on one horse on the other side. This design is first attested as in use by Bertrand de Blanquefort, the order's sixth Grand Master, in 1158, forty years after its foundation, and it remained in use until the dissolution of the order in 1312.
There was also a smaller, single-sided seal, which showed the Dome of the Rock (or the Holy Sepulchre), only.
Different seals were used by provincial masters of the order. According to a papal bull issued by Innocent IV in 1251, it was customary for successive provincial masters to use the same seal.The master of Provence continued to use an Agnus Dei seal, while the seal of the Aragonese master William of Cardona and his successors depicted a knight on horseback, carrying a lance and shield, on which was a cross bearing the legend: S. MINISTRI TEMPLI 1 ARAGON 7 CATALON ('Seal of the minister of the Temple in Aragon and Catalonia').
Templars Seal Themes
Dome of the Rock and Al Aksa
MILITIE TEMPLI SALMO Artistic representation
The reverse of Bertrand de Blancafort's seal,Master of the Temple 1168 in Staatsarchiv Amberg
The reverse of Grand Master William de Chartres seal from 1214 also depicts the Dome of the Rock.
In heraldry, a Lamb of God (or paschal lamb, or agnus Dei) is a lamb passant proper, with a halo or charged with a cross gules, and the dexter forelimb reflexed over a cross staff from which a pennon of St. George (Argent a cross gules) is flotant.The seals of the Masters of the Temple in England: of Aimery de St Maur, 1200, Robert of Sandford, 1241, Richard of Hastings, 1160–85, and William de la More, 1304, showed the agnus Dei.
SIGILLVM TEMPLIThe obverse of a seal used by William de la More, master, 1304, resembles the above text . The reverse, a small oval counter-seal, with beaded borders, shows on the right a couped bust of a bearded man wearing a cap. and have the legend:— TESTIS SUM AGNI ('I am a witness to the Lamb')William de la More, styled frater Willelmus de la More miliciae. The seal is called commune sigillum capituli. The seal symbolic of their vow of poverty, showing two knights riding on one horse appears only to have been used by the order in France; there is no example of its use in England.
Some of the seals of the English Templars were a semi-typical Pascal lamb bearing sometimes, not the flag of St George (or the cross), but the Beauseant, the battle banner of the order.
Seal of Robert of Sandford, the Master of the Temple in 1241 in the British Library
L'Agnus Dei, seal used by Roncelin de Foz. Second part of the 13th century. Departmental Archives of Marseilles -Bouches du Rhône.
Other seals:Durham Cathedral Muniments, Medieval Seal G&B reference number: 3388Knights of the Temple 1304 Description: Round. The Holy Lamb with banner.
The Two Riders
The Templar Seal showing two knights (perhaps Hugues de Payens and Godfrey de Saint-Omer) on one horse.There are many interpretations of the symbolism of this seal.
- Contemporary legend held that the symbol represented the initial poverty of the order; that they could afford only a single horse for every two men. Still, the Rule of the Order from the outset permitted three horses and no more for each knight, as well as no Templars sharing the same horse.
- Several masters adopted this seal from the beginning of the order until at least 1298. It is known to have been in use since 1167. The Rule forbids two riders on the same beast.
- According to legend, Hugues de Payens (the first Grand-Master of the Templars) and Godfrey were so poor that between the two of them they had only one horse, and this gave rise to the famous image on the seal of the Templars, of two men riding a single horse.
The image of two knights on the horse was widely used:
- Matthew Paris in Chronica Majora ca 1250
- An English monk and chronicler from St. Albans in Historia Anglorum
- At least as early as 1158 as the seal of the Grand Master of the Temple, Bertrand de Blanchefort. This is the earliest known seal for the Grand Master of the Temple forty years after the Order was formed.
- Use of this symbol continued under subsequent Grand Masters for as long as the Order survived, however the seal went through more than one incarnation. The Reynaut de Vichiers, who was Master of the Temple from 1255-1259 depict same images, but it is obviously not the same seal.
The seals of the Grand Masters have textual differences:
- Blanchefort's seal: SIGILLUM MILITUM (Latin, Seal of the Soldiers) obverse; CHRISTI DE TEMPLO (Latin, of Christ of the Temple) reverse.
- Vichiers' seal: SIGILLUM MILITUM XPISTI (Latin, Seal of the Soldiers of Christ).
While Vichiers' motto is written in Latin, the word 'Christ' begins with Greek letters (Chi Rho) (Latin symbol, XP) rather than the Latin CHR. The XP symbol arose early in Christianity and entered popular usage after the legendary pre-battle vision of Chi Rho and Christian conversion of the 4th century Roman Emperor Constantine. From the time of Constantine, XP was a significant symbol of Christianity, surpassed only by the cross itself. Early military associations make Chi Rho an apt symbol for the Templars. On de Vichiers' seal, Chi Rho is visible on the shields of the knights.
The Double-Headed Eagle is more commonly associated with Coat of Arms of the Byzantine Empire.Bertram von Esbeck, Master of the Temple in Germany, 1296 depicts an eagle with two six-pointed stars.
Aragon;Tortosa; Late 13th century. Depicting a cross. Legend: SIGILLUM MILICIE TEMPLI IN DERTOSAAragon; Alfambra; 1248. Brown wax, round, 30 mm. in diameter, depicting a cross. Legend:......LUM CASTRI....
A cross having arms narrow at the inner center, and very broad at the other end.
Fra Arnaude de Banyuls seal; Aragon; Gardeny; Yellow wax, round, 27 mm. in diameter, depicting a cross, with stars in two angles and shields with crosses in the other two. Legend: S. AR..........GARDENNI.
Fra Bernard de Montlor 1248 seal
The Masters of Poitou used this seal. It has been used from the middle of the 12th century to the end of the Order.
Cross pattée and fleur-de-lis
A seal from Provence: the Templars from Roaix, Sérignan ... This knight, Giraud de Chamaret, hoists the templar cross and the 'fleur-de-lis'. 1234.
Brother Hugues de Rochefort (Hughs from 'ROCAFORTI') 1204 seal. With a star and a 'fleur-de-lis', this cross, hart bounded, was the Preceptor's Temple seal.
The seal of the preceptor of Poitou Legend = S PRECEPTORIS TEMPLI VALECE. Year: 1287. Appears on a charter from Saint Victor lès Valence. Seal can be found at the Archives of the City of Marseille and a moulding at the National Archives of Paris.
Brother Giraud de Chamaret 1234
Knight on the Horse
The seal of Brother Roustan de Comps, commander of the Order of the Temple at Richerenches, 1232, shows a single knight on horseback, bearing a shield with a cross: probably St. George.
Sigil Of Abraxas Map
Brother Roustan de Comps 1232 seal
Seals of Brother Widekind, Master of the Temple in Germany, 1271, and Brother Frederick Wildergrave, 1289, showed Christ's head (or John the Baptist's head by other opinions)
Tower or Castle
The seal of Templar officials in Yorkshire c.1300 shows a tower with a pointed roof.
Brother Arnau Despug 1308 seal
Aragon; Monzón; Early 14th century. Round, depicting a castle with three towers, with a griffin on each side. Legend: S. CASTELL........ONI.Aragon; Huesca; Round, depicting a castle. Legend: S. DOM. TEMPLI DE OSCAAragon; Barbará; Early 14th century. Yellow wax, round, 29 mm. in diameter, depicting a castle between two fishes. Legend: S. COMMAND.....BARBERA
Chateau de Guilleragues
Here is a Templar cross found in the oldest tower of Château de Guilleragues in the Aquitaine region of France.
Templar Cross in oldest tower of Guilleragues Castle
The word Abraxas (or Abrasax or Abracax) was engraved on certain antique stones, called Abraxas stones, which were used as amulets or charms by Gnostic sects. The image most associated with Abraxas is that of a composite creature with the head of a rooster, the body of a man, and legs made of serpents or scorpions; carrying a whip and shield. The Gnostics identified Abraxas with Yahweh (under the Greek form 'IAO'). Amulets and seals bearing the figure of Abraxas were popular in the 2nd century, and these stones survived in the treasuries of the middle ages.
Abraxas appears on the seal of a Templar Grand Master in a French charter dated 1214. The Templars' use of Abraxas as a seal was most likely a result of their expansive treasuries containing a number of ancient gemstones.
Used on the Seal of Etienne de Til-Chatel, lord of Pichanges, Preceptor of La Fontenotte. Representation of a dove, facing backwards and grasping an olive branch within its beak.
Star and Crescent Moon
Frater Robert from the land of Retz. Seal from English 13th century. This seal was discovered in the 19th century, in the city of St Père en Retz, at Biais, Loire Atlantique, on the site of a templar Commandery.
Seals of Brother Otto of Brunswich, commander of Supplingenburg, shows a lion;A seal of one Knight Templar, England, 1303 is showing the Lion of England and the cross pattée and the crescent moon of the Mother Goddess with stars.Aragon; Miravet; 1278, 1287. Depicting a lion
Sigil Of Abraxas Book
William, Master of the Temple in Hungary and Slovenia, 1297, depicts a winged griffon
Unusual uncertified early Templar insignia
From Hugues de Payens period. Hand carved Grand Seal. Alike wax imprints were found on official documents addressed to Hugues de Payens.
Sigil Of Abraxas Characters
- ^as reproduced in T. A. Archer, The Crusades: The Story of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (1894), p. 176.The design with the two knights on a horse and the inscription SIGILLVM MILITVM XRISTI is attested in 1191, see Jochen Burgtorf, The central convent of Hospitallers and Templars: history, organization, and personnel (1099/1120-1310), Volume 50 of History of warfare (2008), ISBN978-90-04-16660-8, pp. 545-546.
- ^Ralls, Karen (2007). Knights Templar Encyclopedia. Career Press. pp. 184–185. ISBN978-1-56414-926-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Templars Seal.|
- Hopkins, M, Simmans, G. & Wallace-Murphy, T., Rex Deus, Element, Shaftesbury, Dorset, 2000, 177
- F. de Sagarra, Sigillografía catalana, iii (Barcelona, 1932), 473
- R. de Huesca, Teatro histórico de las iglesias del reino de Aragón, vii (Pamplona, 1797), 121
- The Templars in the Corona de Aragón, Alan John Forey