Ssl Toolkit

This tool is both reliable and free to use. All you need to do is input your domain name into the Hostname field, and then click on Submit.Once the checker is done analyzing your site’s SSL configuration, it will present you with some results. CSR Generation Tool. Quickly Generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) with OpenSSL.

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a standard protocol used to manage the security of message transmissions in an open communications network, such as the Internet. It uses TCP/IP for its physical communications. In addition, it uses public and private key encryption for both authentication and data encryption keys. These certificates are obtained from a certificate authority.

Note:
The SSL Toolkit is a 32-bit application that runs in both 32-bit and 64-bit environments.

Various organizations, such as VeriSign, act as external certificate authorities for other companies and supply certificates for authentication and encryption as requested by their clients. You can use an external certificate authority to provide your certificates or, for testing only, you can use the SSL Toolkit, provided with Encryption for Entire Net-Work, to become your own certificate authority.

The SSL Toolkit allows you to create your own certificate authority (CA) and certificates for C code. It is available in Windows environments only.

To use the SSL Toolkit:

  1. Collect the information described in Gathering SSL Toolkit Information. This information is requested when running the SSL Toolkit.

  2. At a command prompt, make the SSL Toolkit directory on your Windows machine the current directory.

  3. Create a certificate authority for the Windows machine. For more information, read Setting Up a Certificate Authority.

  4. Create the certificates you need. For more information, read Creating Certificates.

  5. When the certificates you need have been created, deploy them on the system on which they are needed. For more information, read Deploying Certificates.

  6. Update the appropriate target definitions in the Entire Net-Work Client, Kernel, and server target entries or in the Directory Server entries to support secure transmissions. For more information, read Access and Connection Definition Setup.

This document covers the following topics:

Gathering SSL Toolkit Information

When you use the SSL Toolkit, it will prompt you for the information described in the following table. Use the following table to collect this information prior to using the SSL Toolkit. The order in which this information is requested varies by what you attempt to create: a certificate authority (CA) or a certificate and key. All of this information is not necessarily requested during SSL Toolkit processing.

Tool
Information RequestedDescriptionUsed to Create
City or Town (Locality)The name of your city or town. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

Common NameYour name or the name of your application. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt. A maximum of 64 characters can be specified.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

Country NameA two-letter code for your country. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

E-mail AddressYour e-mail address. The default is '[email protected]'. A maximum of 40 characters can be specified.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

Organization UnitThe name of your department within the organization. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

Organization NameThe name of your organization. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority
PEM Pass PhraseA Public Encryption Method (PEM) password phrase used by the certificate authority to sign certificates. This PEM password phrase is also requested when you create a certificate. The PEM password you use when setting up the certificate authority should be the same as the PEM password requested when creating a certificate.

PEM passwords can be between 4 and 20 alphanumeric characters long, including blanks. They are case-sensitive.

Certificate authority

C certificates

State or ProvinceThe name of your state or province. If a default is provided, it is shown in brackets next to the prompt.

This information is used as part of the distinguished name (DN) for a certificate or CA. The contents of the DN for each certificate must be unique; this means that at least one of the fields that comprise the DN for each certificate must be unique.

Certificate authority

C certificates

Optional Challenge PasswordAn optional password you can request when you create a C certificate. This password must be different from the PEM password and must be different for each certificate.

Challenge passwords can be between 4 and 20 alphanumeric characters long.

C certificates
Optional Company NameAn optional company nameC certificates

You can set defaults for some of these values in the genca.template file located in the SSL Toolkit directory. However, the defaults you specify in this file only pertain to setting up a certificate authority or generating C certificates.

Warning:
Before you change the genca.template file, be sure to save a copy of the original for later reference.

Setting Up a Certificate Authority

Only one certificate authority can be set up on a single Windows machine. If you run the procedure described in this document more than once on the same machine, the new certificate authority overwrites the old one.

Tools

Ssl Toolkit Windows

To set up a certificate authority:

  1. At a DOS command prompt, make the SSL Toolkit directory on your Windows machine the current directory. Then enter the following command:

    The certificate authority setup process is started. You are prompted to answer a number of questions, as described in the remaining steps.

  2. At the PEM password phrase prompt, enter the PEM password phrase you want to use for this certificate authority. The password phrase is used by the certificate authority to sign C certificates. For more information about PEM password phrases, read Gathering SSL Toolkit Information.

  3. When you are prompted to repeat the PEM password phrase, enter it again exactly as you did in Step 2. Remember that PEM password phrases are case-sensitive.

    The PEM password phrase you enter in this step is compared and verified using the one PEM password phrase you entered in Step 2. If a mismatch occurs, you are prompted to enter the original PEM password phrase (Step 2) and to verify it (Step 3) again.

  4. At the country prompt, enter a two-letter country code you want used when creating a distinguished name (DN) for use by the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  5. At the state or province prompt, enter the name of the state or province you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  6. At the city or town prompt, enter the name of the city or town you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  7. At the organizational name prompt, enter the name of your organization. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  8. At the organization unit prompt, enter the name of your department within the organization. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  9. At the common name prompt, enter your name or the name of your application. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority.

  10. At the e-mail address prompt, enter the e-mail address you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate authority. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

    The certificate authority is set up. You can now use it to create certificates.

When you complete these steps, three new subdirectories are added in the SSL Toolkit directory: cacerts, certs, and newcerts.

Subdirectory NameUse
cacertsStores certificate authority files.
certsStores certificate files, signed or unsigned.
newcertsFor internal use only. Used during the SSL Toolkit certificate creation process.

In addition, the following files are created in the cacerts subdirectory:

  • cacert.mf : A CA certificate that can be used on mainframe systems.

  • cacert.pem : CA certificate that can be used on open systems.

  • cakey.pem: A CA key file that can be used on open systems.

Creating Certificates

Once you have set up a certificate authority, you can create C code certificates and their associated keys using the SSL Toolkit.

To create C code certificates:

  1. At a command prompt, make the SSL Toolkit directory on your Windows machine the current directory. Then enter the following command:

    where prefix is the prefix you want used in the certificate file names. All of the certificate and key files produced by the makeccerts command will begin with the prefix you specify.

    The prefix specification is optional. If you do not specify a prefix, the prefix 'myapp' is used. If you enter the same prefix twice, the newer certificate and key definitions will overwrite the older certificate and key definitions.

    The C certificate and key creation process is started. You are prompted to answer a number of questions, as described in the remaining steps.

  2. At the PEM password phrase prompt, enter the PEM password phrase you want to use. This should be the same PEM password phrase you specified when you set up the certificate authority (CA).

    For more information about PEM password phrases, read Gathering SSL Toolkit Information.

  3. When you are prompted to repeat the PEM password phrase, enter it again exactly as you did in Step 2. Remember that PEM password phrases are case-sensitive.

    The PEM password phrase you enter in this step is compared and verified using the one PEM password phrase you entered in Step 2. If a mismatch occurs, you are prompted to enter the original PEM password phrase (Step 2) and to verify it (Step 3) again.

  4. At the country prompt, enter a two-letter country code you want used when creating a distinguished name (DN) for use by the certificate and key. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  5. At the state or province prompt, enter the name of the state or province you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate and key. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  6. At the city or town prompt, enter the name of the city or town you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate and key. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  7. At the organizational name prompt, enter the name of your organization. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  8. At the organization unit prompt, enter the name of your department within the organization. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  9. At the common name prompt, enter your name or the name of your application. This name is used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate.

  10. At the e-mail address prompt, enter the e-mail address you want used for the distinguished name (DN) for the certificate. If you press Enter without specifying a value, the default shown in brackets is used.

  11. Optionally, at the challenge password prompt, enter the challenge password you want used for this certificate.

    For more information about challenge passwords, read Gathering SSL Toolkit Information.

  12. Optionally, enter your company name at the optional company name prompt.

    The basic information for the certificate is complete. The process to sign the certificate is started.

  13. At the PEM password phrase prompt, enter the PEM password phrase you selected for the certificate authority (CA) when you set it up.

    If you enter the incorrect CA PEM password phrase, the certificate creation process aborts. Otherwise, the process to sign the certificate continues.

  14. You must enter 'y' at the Sign the certificate? prompt. If you do not, the certificate will not work.

  15. Enter 'y' at the commit prompt. If you do not, the certificate will not work.

    The process to sign the C certificate completes. The certificate is certified.

The following files with names in the following formats are created in the /certs directory:

  • <prefix>cert.mf: Certificate file that can be used on mainframe systems.

  • <prefix>cert.pem: Certificate file that can be used on open systems.

  • <prefix>key.mf: Key file that can be used on mainframe systems.

  • <prefix>key.pem: Key file that can be used on open systems.

  • <prefix>Certreq.pem: This file is used internally by the SSL Toolkit for C certificate processing.

where <prefix> is the prefix you specified when you ran the makeccerts program in Step 1. For example, if you used the default prefix 'myapp', the following files would be created:

  • myappcert.mf

  • myappcert.pem

  • myappkey.mf

  • myappkey.pem

  • myappCertreq.pem

Deploying Certificates

To deploy certificates and their associated keys:

  1. Transport the certificates and key files to the systems where they are to be used. You can use the ftp utility to do this. You can also copy and rename certificates and key files as required.

  2. Make sure the location of the certificates and keys is clear on the systems where they are being used. If they are not in the current directory, identify their location using the appropriate SSL parameters and settings as described in Access and Connection Definition Setup.

Webmasters always have their hands full with everything from user experience, search engine optimization and last but not least, SSL certificates. While some may not prioritize SSL certificates, they are still critical to the correct operation of your websites.

Because Secure Layer Certificates are so important, monitoring them is a must! To help you get started, we’ve compiled a list of the top 10 best tools for monitoring SSL certificates for validity, expiry, and change.

Why Is an SSL Certificate Important for Your Website?

An SSL certificate will convey your identity to your users and improve your customers’ trust. At the same time, it’s one of the PCI/DSS requirements, allowing you to handle sensitive information and process payments online.

Lastly, search engines prioritize content from sites that have SSL, making the secure certificates a priority when it comes to SEO. Google has gone a step further in 2018 when they announced that they will start flagging websites that do not have a valid SSL/TLS certificate on their website. In other words, using valid SSL certificates is a must, and since SSL certificates have expiration dates, monitoring them for validity and expiration dates in the near future is critical to ensuring you don’t end up with an invalid or expired certificate, get punished by Google and lose trust and revenue from your customers.

How Does an SSL Certificate Work?

To better understand how a certificate works we need to look at its components. There are three types of certificates:

  • A root certificate that belongs to the certificate authority
  • An intermediate certificate that acts as an intermediary between
  • The root certificate and the server certificate which is the certificate issued to a specific domain.

A certificate chain is the list of these three certificates that are contained in the SSL certificate. The chain begins with the root certificate and ends with the certificate issued by the authorities. It can have multiple intermediate certificates that act as middlemen between the two.

Whenever a browser attempts to connect to a website that is secured with an SSL certificate, it will message the server to initiate the SSL/TLS communication. The server will respond with an encrypted certificate to the client where it’s going to be checked and sent back to the server. If the check passes, the key and the content will be sent to the client where it will be decrypted, completing the process, also called an SSL/TLS handshake. Otherwise, if the certificate is not ok, the communication will fail.

What Happens When My SSL Certificate Expires?

Similar to how your insurance needs to be renewed every year or so, your SSL certificate will need to renew before it expires. You will probably have to do this every year but there are certificates that are valid for up to 3 years. It’s critical that you know exactly when your certificate will expire.

When it does expire, you’ll be met with a message similar to the one below, and while you could technically use the service or website, most people will click the Back to Safety button and go back. Guess what happens to any revenue you get from your site when this occurs?

Because calling HTTPS APIs from a web page served via HTTP, say due to an expired SSL certificate, is not secure, third party APIs you are web site is calling will result in a 401 error or a Mixed Content error. Things will break. Your visitors and customers will see it. This can be especially bad if these APIs are user-facing or business-critical components of the website like the login system or a payment processor. You don’t want to be that website, trust me!

To avoid such issues you’ll want to monitor your SSL certificates closely with a certificate monitoring tool. More often than not, the solutions available today perform various other monitoring tasks such as API monitoring, website monitoring, or page load testing. These are called synthetic monitoring tools or proactive monitoring tools. One such tool is Sematext Synthetics, which I’ll review below along with similar SaaS solutions but also tools designed especially to monitor SSL certificates.

How to Monitor SSL Certificates: Top 10 SSL Certificate Monitoring Tools

1. Sematext Synthetics

Toolkit

Sematext Synthetics performs multiple SSL checks on all certificates in the chain on an ongoing basis, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. There are SSL checks done every time an API check is run, which can be anywhere from 1 minute to 1 hour, a certificate change every 10 minutes and a certificate expiry that’s done every day.

The SSL certificate details are saved in the dashboard as well as the complete details of every failed run.

Sematext features two separate monitors:

  • The HTTP monitor checks the chain validity, expiration date, name constraints, and more.
  • The Browser monitor uses a real Google Chrome browser and besides the tests done by the HTTP monitor, it also checks if the certificate was revoked, uses a weak signature or a weak key, and if it has Certificate Transparency data.

If one of these monitors is to fail, Sematext will send a notification through one of the many channels available, from the custom notification hooks to Slack, Zapier, Twilio, VictorOps and many more.

Ssl Toolkit

It’s worth noting that Sematext Synthetics does not work with self-signed certificates, therefore any checks on APIs using a self-signed certificate will fail. This is due to the fact that by default, web clients like browsers and API clients do not trust the self-signed certificate themselves.

Sematext Synthetics comes with a free trial and plans start from $29/month and offer 40 HTTP and 5 browser monitors with data retention of 30 days. Besides the regular plan, you can also choose a Pay-as-you-go plan that allows you to get individual monitors for as low as $2/month.

2. TrackSSL

TrackSSL is a simple SSL certificate monitoring service that checks for the most common issues and sends out notifications in case of failure. TrackSSL will also notify you when there is a pending expiry, weak signatures or any issues in the chain. Note that its notifications support are limited to email and Slack.

While it might be easy to view TrackSSL as a one-trick pony which, in all fairness, it does appear to be, but it does the job right and to the point. The integration with Slack will speed up the communication with your DevOps team making it easier to identify and solve any problems that might arise.

The pricing is rather simple with 3 premium plans ranging in price from $25 to $99/year based on the number of tracked domains. TrackSSL also offers a free plan that allows you to monitor up to 2 domains.

3. Pingdom

Pingdom is one of the more synthetic monitoring solutions offering a slew of information about your SSL certificates. It gives you the option to set up alerts for whenever your certificate expires, is about to expire, or is, for whatever reason, invalid.

Pingdom offers SSL certificate monitoring part of their Uptime monitors packages and allows you to manually set the number of days you’ll get the notification before the certificate expires. The notifications will be delivered via their own app, SMS, email and other 3rd party integrations.

Pricing for the tool starts at $10 per month for 10 uptime checks and there’s a free 14-day trial to test-drive everything they have to offer.

4. Smartbear

With Smartbear you’ll be able to have URL monitors for your website and make sure your SSL/TLS certificate does not expire without you knowing. From the Smartbear AlertSite section you can set an alert to notify you 1, 7, 15, or 30 days before your certificate expires. This will give you plenty of time to make the necessary arrangements and make sure your certificates are always up to date.

Smartbear can only send Expired SSL Certificates reports for URL Monitors, meaning that if you have a real-browser monitor or an API endpoint monitor setup, you won’t be getting any alerts. You won’t get any alerts if the certificate has been updated either. While setting up individual Single URL monitors for each certificate you are trying to monitor can be a pain, it does allow for a more granular customization of your monitoring solution.

Wordpress Toolkit Ssl/tls Disabled

If you’re interested in trying it, there’s a free trial available but you’ll have you contact their sales team first to get information on their pricing.

5. Keychest

Keychest is a bit different from other SSL certificate monitoring tools as it can automatically discover your new certificates as they are created. Instead of having you add certificate details manually, Keychest will look them up and track their progress from configuration to expiration.

Keychest will provide detailed information about the certificate from the key length and type (not unlike most other tools listed here), endpoints where a certificate is used, renewal line – previous certificates and their expiration and the renewal process.

When it comes to pricing, things are rather simple. There’s a free plan that’s better suited for personal use and three Business plans with prices running from $49 to $99 per month.

6. Site24x7

Site24x7 proactively monitors your SSL/TLS certificate, watches out for any certificate revocation, does SHA-1 fingerprint check to verify the integrity of the certificate and more. You can use it to continuously monitor and manage the SSL/TLS certificate of services like HTTPS, SMTP, POP, IMAP and FTP from over 90+ key locations from around the world.

Like all the other tools mentioned above, Site24x7 does automatic SSL/TLS certificate monitoring for all the deployed certificates, helping you maintain trust and credibility by improving website availability.

Site24x7 has a simple pricing scheme with several plans starting from $10 per month and going up to $445 per month. There’s also a “free forever plan” as well as a 30 day free trial.

7. Sucuri

Sucuri may come as a surprise to some but nevertheless, a great solution to monitor any changes to your SSL/TLS certificates. Any alteration to your certificates triggers an alert that will be delivered via email and unlike other similar tools, Sucuri only relies on email to send notifications. It’s worth noting that Sucuri doesn’t tell you when the change occurred but only if it happened.

While Sucuri lacks most of the monitoring features that other similar SaaS tools have, it’s important to understand that the software is advertised as a website security solution first and a monitoring tool second.

Pricing for Sucuri starts at $199 per year and goes up to $499 per year.

8. SSL Certificate Expiration Alerts

Not unlike some of the other examples in this list, SSL Certificate Expiration Alerts is a simple monitoring tool that does exactly what it advertises in the title – sends a quick alert when the certificate expires. This minimal system lacks the configuration that other similar tools might offer but promises to do the simple job it was designed for quite well.

9. Certificate Expiry Monitor

Certificate Expiry Monitor is a simple open source project that allows you to export the expiration of the SSL certificate as a Prometheus metric. For some, a tool like this might not sound especially useful but keep in mind that there are developers that have their own monitoring tool.

With detailed documentation and a simple installation process, Certificate Expiry Monitor provides detailed information about the SSL certificate straight into Prometheus.

10. SSL Certification Expiration Checker

A bit of a mouthful, I’ll give you that, but since it’s open source and quite effective I figured it should make the list. It’s a simple shell script that can be run from a cron job and report back on expiring SSL certificates. It uses Nagios to send a warning email when the certificate is about to expire.

While it lacks all the bells and whistles that most other SSL certificate monitoring tools offer, it does one simple task and does it well. To see all the configuration options available you just need to use '$ ssl-cert-check -h'. This will display a list of all the available commands that SSL Certification Expiration Checker has to offer.

How to Choose the Right SSL Certificate Monitoring Tool for You?

There are lots of solutions that you can use to monitor SSL certificates but not all are created equal. Some serve one simple purpose while others have a lot of secondary uses like synthetic monitoring or real user monitoring features.

Understanding when your SSL certificate expires or is for whatever reason invalid is only one part of the information you need to have to deliver a complete experience for your users. You want to really understand what your users are experiencing when browsing your websites and make sure that your resources are available and working at all times and that’s something beyond the scope of SSL certificate monitoring.

But I digress. Picking one tool over another will be largely based on what monitoring solutions you already have at the moment. While it’s extremely important to have your certificate working 100% of the time, there are other aspects, like I’ve already mentioned above, that are of equal or greater importance. That means that the SSL monitoring feature should complement the existing website monitoring solution.

Moreover, it might be wise to consider SSL monitoring solutions that are a part of a wider monitoring platform also capable of infrastructure monitoring, log monitoring, etc. Using such an all-in-one solution such as our Sematext Cloud will increase your productivity, the speed at which you can troubleshoot and fix issues, share access to key monitoring data with the team and even reduce costs and make vendor management simpler, all things worth taking into account.

On the other hand, if you are just looking for a simple SSL certificate a tool like TrackSSL might do it for you. I’d be remiss not to mention the open-source options I’ve spoken about. They are solid options and can be integrated quite easily into your existing environments.

Ssl Toolkit Pro Apk

But if you want to start from the get-go with a more complex, yet still robust, SSL certificate monitoring tool, you should definitely give Sematext Synthetic a spin. Try the 14-day free trial to convince yourself!

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